Conifers


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Hemlock
Hemlock
Knapp Weed and Bug
Knapp Weed and Bug
Zigzag Clover
Zigzag Clover
Cow Parsley
Cow Parsley
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Celandine
Fleabane
Fleabane
Seaside Centaury
Seaside Centaury
Pig Nut
Pig Nut
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Cats Ear
Cats Ear
Lesser Periwinkle
Lesser Periwinkle
Fever Few
Fever Few
Hedge Bind Weed
Hedge Bind Weed
Common Vetch
Common Vetch
Colt's Foot
Colt's Foot
Nipplewort
Nipplewort
Ground elder
Ground elder
Wild Basil
Wild Basil
Primrose.jpg
Primrose.jpg
Wild Cabbage
Wild Cabbage
Golden Saxifrage
Golden Saxifrage
Common Mallow
Common Mallow
Pennywort
Pennywort
Ground Ivy
Ground Ivy
Dog's Mercury
Dog's Mercury
Greater Burdock
Greater Burdock
Sea Purslane
Sea Purslane
Bistort
Bistort
Common Spotted Orchid
Common Spotted Orchid
Wild Pansy
Wild Pansy
Red Dead Nettle
Red Dead Nettle
Yellow Pimpernell
Yellow Pimpernell
Mullein
Mullein
Herb Bennett
Herb Bennett
Wood Speedwell
Wood Speedwell
Bladder Campion
Bladder Campion
Fuscia
Fuscia
Wild Clary
Wild Clary
Pignut
Pignut
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Honeysuckle
Honeysuckle
Common Birds Foot Trefoil
Common Birds Foot Trefoil
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Common Restharrow
Common Restharrow
Upright Hedge Parsley
Upright Hedge Parsley
Forget Me Not
Forget Me Not
Oxeye Daisy
Oxeye Daisy
Chickory
Chickory
Tutsan
Tutsan
Herb Robert
Herb Robert
Meadow Buttercup
Meadow Buttercup
Cleavers
Cleavers
Charlock
Charlock
Wavy Bitter Cress
Wavy Bitter Cress
Hairy Bitter Cress
Hairy Bitter Cress
Ramson
Ramson
Wood Sage
Wood Sage
Primrose
Primrose
Sweet Violet
Sweet Violet
Dog Violet
Dog Violet
Lesser Stitchwort
Lesser Stitchwort
Salad Burnett
Salad Burnett
Tormentil
Tormentil
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Celandine
Yarrow
Yarrow
Daisy
Daisy
Bracken
Bracken
Great Willow Herb
Great Willow Herb
Wood Anemone
Wood Anemone
Rose Bay Willow Herb
Rose Bay Willow Herb
Chickweed
Chickweed
Sun Spurge
Sun Spurge
Wall Rocket
Wall Rocket
St John's Wort
St John's Wort
Garlic Mustard (Jack of the Hedge)
Garlic Mustard (Jack of the Hedge)
Purple Losestrife
Purple Losestrife
Knapp Weed
Knapp Weed
Buttercup
Buttercup
Hemlock Water Dropwort
Hemlock Water Dropwort
Grey Field Speedwell
Grey Field Speedwell
Burdock
Burdock
Bramble
Bramble
Wood Sorrel
Wood Sorrel
Bugle
Bugle
Yarrow
Yarrow
Split Leaved Crane's Bill
Split Leaved Crane's Bill
Lord's and Ladies
Lord's and Ladies
Bitter Sweet
Bitter Sweet
Thistle
Thistle
Wood Anemone
Wood Anemone
Deadly Nightshade
Deadly Nightshade
Red Vervain
Red Vervain
Summer Snowflake
Summer Snowflake
Green Helborine
Green Helborine
Ground Ivy
Ground Ivy
Barren Strawberry
Barren Strawberry
Crown Vetch
Crown Vetch
Red Campion
Red Campion
Water Mint
Water Mint
Enchanter's Nightshade
Enchanter's Nightshade
Eyebright
Eyebright
Grass Vetchling
Grass Vetchling
Indian Balsam
Indian Balsam
Harebell
Harebell
Cowslip
Cowslip
Shepherd's Purse
Shepherd's Purse
Yellow Archangel
Yellow Archangel
Dove's Foot Crane's Bill
Dove's Foot Crane's Bill
Bog myrtle
Bog myrtle
Wild Redcurrant
Wild Redcurrant
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Celandine
Ragged Robin
Ragged Robin
Wood Spurge
Wood Spurge
Field Bind Weed
Field Bind Weed
Lords & Ladies
Lords & Ladies
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CIMG0038
Common Ragwort
Common Ragwort
Horse Tail
Horse Tail
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Green Alkanet
Green Alkanet
Hairy Violet
Hairy Violet
Hedge Woundwort
Hedge Woundwort
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Wild Thyme
Wild Thyme
Twayblade
Twayblade
Bluebell
Bluebell
Common Comfrey
Common Comfrey
Dandelion
Dandelion
Green Field Speedwell
Green Field Speedwell
Dyer's Greenweed
Dyer's Greenweed
Nettle Leaf Bellflower
Nettle Leaf Bellflower
Broom
Broom
Yarrow
Yarrow
Nettles
Nettles
Self Heal
Self Heal
Betany
Betany
Scarlet Pimpernel
Scarlet Pimpernel
Red Clover
Red Clover
Silver Weed
Silver Weed
Heather
Heather
Gorse
Gorse
White Dead Nettle
White Dead Nettle
Nettles
Nettles
Hogweed
Hogweed
Germander Speedwell
Germander Speedwell
Black Mustard
Black Mustard
Lemon Balm
Lemon Balm
Common Field Speedwell
Common Field Speedwell
Cow Parsley Flower
Cow Parsley Flower
Hemp Agrimony
Hemp Agrimony
Bee Orchid
Bee Orchid
Rosebay Willowherb
Rosebay Willowherb
Creeping Buttercup
Creeping Buttercup
Common Centaury
Common Centaury
Sea Beet
Sea Beet
Russian Comfrey
Russian Comfrey
Agrimony
Agrimony
Yellow Rattle
Yellow Rattle
Borage
Borage
Giant Hog Weed
Giant Hog Weed
Hairy Bitter Cress
Hairy Bitter Cress
Heath Speedwell
Heath Speedwell
Small Balsam
Small Balsam
Hawkbit
Hawkbit
Scabious
Scabious
Pyrimidal Orchid
Pyrimidal Orchid
Pendulous Sedge
Pendulous Sedge
Kidney Vetch
Kidney Vetch
Meadow Vetchling
Meadow Vetchling
Rock Sea Lavender
Rock Sea Lavender
Hedge Mustard
Hedge Mustard
Winter Cress
Winter Cress
Cuckoo flower
Cuckoo flower
Cuckoo Flower
Cuckoo Flower
Wood anemone
Wood anemone
Common Milkwort
Common Milkwort
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Milk Thistle
Milk Thistle
Fox Glove
Fox Glove

Conifers

We’ve always been lovers of traditional broadleaf woodland.  Most of the conifers we encountered were in plantations, where they’d been planted to produce timber in a short time frame.  Conifer plantations can seem sterile compared to a broadleaf woodland, with the floor devoid of anything other than needles and the odd wood ant colony.  Often trees fall over because they have a shallow root system.  Still, they can be a useful resource for our bushcraft (although we don’t have any in our ancient woodland), and make shelter building straightforward as well as firewood collection easy, but overall, we prefer broadleaf.

After a visit to Bedgebury Pinetum a few years back, and seeing conifers left to grow as they would in the wild, we changed our minds a little about them.  Some of the trees were stunning and looked nothing like their cousins in a plantation, for example the western hemlock was nothing like the ones we were familiar with from plantations such as Clowes Wood.  If you’re into facts and figures, conifers provide the record breakers as far as trees are concerned – the tallest, widest, heaviest, oldest trees are all species of conifer.

You can find loads of photos of our ancient broadleaf woodland, and of our courses, on our Facebook page.