Conifers


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Enchanter's Nightshade
Enchanter's Nightshade
Scarlet Pimpernel
Scarlet Pimpernel
Nipplewort
Nipplewort
Borage
Borage
Hedge Mustard
Hedge Mustard
Hairy Bitter Cress
Hairy Bitter Cress
Pyrimidal Orchid
Pyrimidal Orchid
Pignut
Pignut
Red Campion
Red Campion
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Celandine
Horse Tail
Horse Tail
Meadow Vetchling
Meadow Vetchling
Indian Balsam
Indian Balsam
Fox Glove
Fox Glove
Lesser Stitchwort
Lesser Stitchwort
Pendulous Sedge
Pendulous Sedge
CIMG0038
CIMG0038
Ground Ivy
Ground Ivy
Charlock
Charlock
Bitter Sweet
Bitter Sweet
Yarrow
Yarrow
Giant Hog Weed
Giant Hog Weed
Kidney Vetch
Kidney Vetch
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Celandine
Red Clover
Red Clover
Ragged Robin
Ragged Robin
Chickory
Chickory
Winter Cress
Winter Cress
Ground elder
Ground elder
Hedge Bind Weed
Hedge Bind Weed
Barren Strawberry
Barren Strawberry
Broom
Broom
Wood anemone
Wood anemone
Split Leaved Crane's Bill
Split Leaved Crane's Bill
Wild Thyme
Wild Thyme
Bee Orchid
Bee Orchid
Bracken
Bracken
Dyer's Greenweed
Dyer's Greenweed
Cowslip
Cowslip
Greater Burdock
Greater Burdock
Agrimony
Agrimony
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Common Milkwort
Common Milkwort
Primrose
Primrose
Milk Thistle
Milk Thistle
Common Comfrey
Common Comfrey
Cow Parsley Flower
Cow Parsley Flower
Herb Robert
Herb Robert
Deadly Nightshade
Deadly Nightshade
Nettles
Nettles
Mullein
Mullein
Dog Violet
Dog Violet
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Wood Sorrel
Wood Sorrel
Herb Bennett
Herb Bennett
Gorse
Gorse
Wild Pansy
Wild Pansy
Harebell
Harebell
Garlic Mustard (Jack of the Hedge)
Garlic Mustard (Jack of the Hedge)
Nettles
Nettles
Common Ragwort
Common Ragwort
Common Vetch
Common Vetch
Bladder Campion
Bladder Campion
Crown Vetch
Crown Vetch
Wood Speedwell
Wood Speedwell
Chickweed
Chickweed
Seaside Centaury
Seaside Centaury
Green Helborine
Green Helborine
Lords & Ladies
Lords & Ladies
Cow Parsley
Cow Parsley
Scabious
Scabious
Cuckoo Flower
Cuckoo Flower
Bluebell
Bluebell
Dandelion
Dandelion
Wall Rocket
Wall Rocket
Tutsan
Tutsan
Wild Redcurrant
Wild Redcurrant
Betany
Betany
Water Mint
Water Mint
Hairy Bitter Cress
Hairy Bitter Cress
Thistle
Thistle
Twayblade
Twayblade
Cats Ear
Cats Ear
Hemp Agrimony
Hemp Agrimony
Green Field Speedwell
Green Field Speedwell
Pig Nut
Pig Nut
Sea Purslane
Sea Purslane
Black Mustard
Black Mustard
Knapp Weed
Knapp Weed
Red Vervain
Red Vervain
Grass Vetchling
Grass Vetchling
Wood Anemone
Wood Anemone
Knapp Weed and Bug
Knapp Weed and Bug
Hogweed
Hogweed
Hedge Woundwort
Hedge Woundwort
Yarrow
Yarrow
Silver Weed
Silver Weed
Wild Basil
Wild Basil
Great Willow Herb
Great Willow Herb
Yellow Pimpernell
Yellow Pimpernell
Cuckoo flower
Cuckoo flower
Self Heal
Self Heal
Cleavers
Cleavers
Red Dead Nettle
Red Dead Nettle
Sun Spurge
Sun Spurge
Common Centaury
Common Centaury
Field Bind Weed
Field Bind Weed
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Celandine
Wavy Bitter Cress
Wavy Bitter Cress
Oxeye Daisy
Oxeye Daisy
Wood Anemone
Wood Anemone
Daisy
Daisy
Colt's Foot
Colt's Foot
Lemon Balm
Lemon Balm
Lord's and Ladies
Lord's and Ladies
Germander Speedwell
Germander Speedwell
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Rose Bay Willow Herb
Rose Bay Willow Herb
St John's Wort
St John's Wort
Shepherd's Purse
Shepherd's Purse
Bog myrtle
Bog myrtle
Buttercup
Buttercup
Hemlock Water Dropwort
Hemlock Water Dropwort
White Dead Nettle
White Dead Nettle
Grey Field Speedwell
Grey Field Speedwell
Fever Few
Fever Few
Green Alkanet
Green Alkanet
Hairy Violet
Hairy Violet
Common Mallow
Common Mallow
Dove's Foot Crane's Bill
Dove's Foot Crane's Bill
Hemlock
Hemlock
Bistort
Bistort
Yellow Rattle
Yellow Rattle
Ramson
Ramson
Sea Beet
Sea Beet
Yellow Archangel
Yellow Archangel
Burdock
Burdock
Summer Snowflake
Summer Snowflake
Common Field Speedwell
Common Field Speedwell
Wild Cabbage
Wild Cabbage
Salad Burnett
Salad Burnett
Honeysuckle
Honeysuckle
Russian Comfrey
Russian Comfrey
Bugle
Bugle
Dog's Mercury
Dog's Mercury
Golden Saxifrage
Golden Saxifrage
Small Balsam
Small Balsam
Tormentil
Tormentil
Wood Sage
Wood Sage
Hawkbit
Hawkbit
Primrose.jpg
Primrose.jpg
Nettle Leaf Bellflower
Nettle Leaf Bellflower
Zigzag Clover
Zigzag Clover
Creeping Buttercup
Creeping Buttercup
Fuscia
Fuscia
Rock Sea Lavender
Rock Sea Lavender
Sweet Violet
Sweet Violet
Yarrow
Yarrow
Heath Speedwell
Heath Speedwell
Common Spotted Orchid
Common Spotted Orchid
Common Birds Foot Trefoil
Common Birds Foot Trefoil
Lesser Periwinkle
Lesser Periwinkle
Rosebay Willowherb
Rosebay Willowherb
Ground Ivy
Ground Ivy
Eyebright
Eyebright
Heather
Heather
Fleabane
Fleabane
Upright Hedge Parsley
Upright Hedge Parsley
Wild Clary
Wild Clary
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Bramble
Bramble
Purple Losestrife
Purple Losestrife
Forget Me Not
Forget Me Not
Wood Spurge
Wood Spurge
Meadow Buttercup
Meadow Buttercup
Common Restharrow
Common Restharrow

Conifers

We’ve always been lovers of traditional broadleaf woodland.  Most of the conifers we encountered were in plantations, where they’d been planted to produce timber in a short time frame.  Conifer plantations can seem sterile compared to a broadleaf woodland, with the floor devoid of anything other than needles and the odd wood ant colony.  Often trees fall over because they have a shallow root system.  Still, they can be a useful resource for our bushcraft (although we don’t have any in our ancient woodland), and make shelter building straightforward as well as firewood collection easy, but overall, we prefer broadleaf.

After a visit to Bedgebury Pinetum a few years back, and seeing conifers left to grow as they would in the wild, we changed our minds a little about them.  Some of the trees were stunning and looked nothing like their cousins in a plantation, for example the western hemlock was nothing like the ones we were familiar with from plantations such as Clowes Wood.  If you’re into facts and figures, conifers provide the record breakers as far as trees are concerned – the tallest, widest, heaviest, oldest trees are all species of conifer.

You can find loads of photos of our ancient broadleaf woodland, and of our courses, on our Facebook page.