Conifers


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Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Kidney Vetch
Kidney Vetch
Yellow Rattle
Yellow Rattle
Lords & Ladies
Lords & Ladies
Yellow Archangel
Yellow Archangel
Bee Orchid
Bee Orchid
Self Heal
Self Heal
Ground Ivy
Ground Ivy
Common Comfrey
Common Comfrey
Water Mint
Water Mint
Hemlock Water Dropwort
Hemlock Water Dropwort
Oxeye Daisy
Oxeye Daisy
Wild Clary
Wild Clary
Ramson
Ramson
Herb Bennett
Herb Bennett
Red Vervain
Red Vervain
Buttercup
Buttercup
Rosebay Willowherb
Rosebay Willowherb
Milk Thistle
Milk Thistle
Fever Few
Fever Few
Dyer's Greenweed
Dyer's Greenweed
Seaside Centaury
Seaside Centaury
Cleavers
Cleavers
Wall Rocket
Wall Rocket
Germander Speedwell
Germander Speedwell
Chickweed
Chickweed
Zigzag Clover
Zigzag Clover
Herb Robert
Herb Robert
Cow Parsley Flower
Cow Parsley Flower
CIMG0038
CIMG0038
Dandelion
Dandelion
Giant Hog Weed
Giant Hog Weed
Sea Purslane
Sea Purslane
Pig Nut
Pig Nut
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Celandine
Common Restharrow
Common Restharrow
Common Birds Foot Trefoil
Common Birds Foot Trefoil
Small Balsam
Small Balsam
Nettles
Nettles
Barren Strawberry
Barren Strawberry
Cuckoo Flower
Cuckoo Flower
Grey Field Speedwell
Grey Field Speedwell
White Dead Nettle
White Dead Nettle
Scabious
Scabious
Tutsan
Tutsan
Pendulous Sedge
Pendulous Sedge
Sweet Violet
Sweet Violet
Meadow Buttercup
Meadow Buttercup
Lesser Periwinkle
Lesser Periwinkle
Hemlock
Hemlock
Winter Cress
Winter Cress
Wild Basil
Wild Basil
Pignut
Pignut
Red Dead Nettle
Red Dead Nettle
Hedge Woundwort
Hedge Woundwort
Harebell
Harebell
Primrose
Primrose
Hedge Bind Weed
Hedge Bind Weed
Russian Comfrey
Russian Comfrey
Bracken
Bracken
Summer Snowflake
Summer Snowflake
Sea Beet
Sea Beet
St John's Wort
St John's Wort
Fleabane
Fleabane
Nettles
Nettles
Lord's and Ladies
Lord's and Ladies
Betany
Betany
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Charlock
Charlock
Bluebell
Bluebell
Honeysuckle
Honeysuckle
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Hemp Agrimony
Hemp Agrimony
Meadow Vetchling
Meadow Vetchling
Yarrow
Yarrow
Common Vetch
Common Vetch
Wild Pansy
Wild Pansy
Fuscia
Fuscia
Broom
Broom
Mullein
Mullein
Bugle
Bugle
Green Helborine
Green Helborine
Chickory
Chickory
Silver Weed
Silver Weed
Black Mustard
Black Mustard
Common Milkwort
Common Milkwort
Wood Speedwell
Wood Speedwell
Thistle
Thistle
Wood Spurge
Wood Spurge
Red Clover
Red Clover
Greater Burdock
Greater Burdock
Twayblade
Twayblade
Ground elder
Ground elder
Crown Vetch
Crown Vetch
Common Ragwort
Common Ragwort
Tormentil
Tormentil
Common Field Speedwell
Common Field Speedwell
Ragged Robin
Ragged Robin
Common Centaury
Common Centaury
Colt's Foot
Colt's Foot
Eyebright
Eyebright
Dog's Mercury
Dog's Mercury
Gorse
Gorse
Burdock
Burdock
Horse Tail
Horse Tail
Lemon Balm
Lemon Balm
Rock Sea Lavender
Rock Sea Lavender
Yellow Pimpernell
Yellow Pimpernell
Heather
Heather
Primrose.jpg
Primrose.jpg
Rose Bay Willow Herb
Rose Bay Willow Herb
Common Mallow
Common Mallow
Common Spotted Orchid
Common Spotted Orchid
Dog Violet
Dog Violet
Wood Sorrel
Wood Sorrel
Wild Redcurrant
Wild Redcurrant
Golden Saxifrage
Golden Saxifrage
Sun Spurge
Sun Spurge
Green Field Speedwell
Green Field Speedwell
Wavy Bitter Cress
Wavy Bitter Cress
Nipplewort
Nipplewort
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Yarrow
Yarrow
Shepherd's Purse
Shepherd's Purse
Cowslip
Cowslip
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Knapp Weed and Butterfly
Borage
Borage
Hairy Bitter Cress
Hairy Bitter Cress
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Celandine
Bladder Campion
Bladder Campion
Wood anemone
Wood anemone
Knapp Weed and Bug
Knapp Weed and Bug
Knapp Weed
Knapp Weed
Agrimony
Agrimony
Red Campion
Red Campion
Indian Balsam
Indian Balsam
Fox Glove
Fox Glove
Daisy
Daisy
Nettle Leaf Bellflower
Nettle Leaf Bellflower
Hogweed
Hogweed
Upright Hedge Parsley
Upright Hedge Parsley
Wild Cabbage
Wild Cabbage
Cats Ear
Cats Ear
Split Leaved Crane's Bill
Split Leaved Crane's Bill
Bistort
Bistort
Early Purple Orchid
Early Purple Orchid
Scarlet Pimpernel
Scarlet Pimpernel
Great Willow Herb
Great Willow Herb
Lesser Stitchwort
Lesser Stitchwort
Salad Burnett
Salad Burnett
Deadly Nightshade
Deadly Nightshade
Hedge Mustard
Hedge Mustard
Cuckoo flower
Cuckoo flower
Bog myrtle
Bog myrtle
Cow Parsley
Cow Parsley
Garlic Mustard (Jack of the Hedge)
Garlic Mustard (Jack of the Hedge)
Hairy Violet
Hairy Violet
Pyrimidal Orchid
Pyrimidal Orchid
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Celandine
Hairy Bitter Cress
Hairy Bitter Cress
Heath Speedwell
Heath Speedwell
Wood Sage
Wood Sage
Enchanter's Nightshade
Enchanter's Nightshade
Grass Vetchling
Grass Vetchling
Creeping Buttercup
Creeping Buttercup
Ground Ivy
Ground Ivy
Field Bind Weed
Field Bind Weed
Bramble
Bramble
Forget Me Not
Forget Me Not
Dove's Foot Crane's Bill
Dove's Foot Crane's Bill
Wood Anemone
Wood Anemone
Hawkbit
Hawkbit
Purple Losestrife
Purple Losestrife
Green Alkanet
Green Alkanet
Wood Anemone
Wood Anemone
Bitter Sweet
Bitter Sweet
Wild Thyme
Wild Thyme
Yarrow
Yarrow

Conifers

We’ve always been lovers of traditional broadleaf woodland.  Most of the conifers we encountered were in plantations, where they’d been planted to produce timber in a short time frame.  Conifer plantations can seem sterile compared to a broadleaf woodland, with the floor devoid of anything other than needles and the odd wood ant colony.  Often trees fall over because they have a shallow root system.  Still, they can be a useful resource for our bushcraft (although we don’t have any in our ancient woodland), and make shelter building straightforward as well as firewood collection easy, but overall, we prefer broadleaf.

After a visit to Bedgebury Pinetum a few years back, and seeing conifers left to grow as they would in the wild, we changed our minds a little about them.  Some of the trees were stunning and looked nothing like their cousins in a plantation, for example the western hemlock was nothing like the ones we were familiar with from plantations such as Clowes Wood.  If you’re into facts and figures, conifers provide the record breakers as far as trees are concerned – the tallest, widest, heaviest, oldest trees are all species of conifer.

You can find loads of photos of our ancient broadleaf woodland, and of our courses, on our Facebook page.